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Bulletin #2190, Vegetable Varieties for Maine Gardens

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Vegetable Varieties for Maine Gardens

cherry tomatoes; photo by Edwin Remsberg, USDADeveloped by Mark G. Hutton, Extension vegetable crops specialist, and David T. Handley, Extension small fruit and vegetable crops specialist.

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Choosing the right varieties of vegetables to grow is an important part of successful gardening.

Select varieties that are adapted to Maine’s climate and your local growing conditions. The varieties recommended in this bulletin are generally available and successful in northern New England. There are many other varieties available, both new and old, that may perform well in some Maine gardens. Use your past experience—the soils and climate in your location may greatly affect the performance of some varieties. You will probably develop a list of favorite vegetable varieties that consistently do well in your garden.

It’s best to test new varieties in a small planting next to a familiar variety of the same crop so that you can fairly compare their performance and qualities. For most crops, different varieties will have a range of maturity dates, indicated in seed catalogs by the number of days from planting to harvest. In northern Maine, plant only early varieties of warm-season vegetable crops, such as tomatoes, peppers, and melons, to ensure harvest before frost. In more southerly parts of Maine, both early and midseason varieties can be successfully harvested in most years.

Look for varieties with disease resistance. There are many varieties available today that are resistant to some of the most common vegetable diseases. Disease resistance can prevent crop loss and reduce the need for pesticides. Seed catalogs typically list any disease resistance a variety has. For example, with tomatoes and peppers, look for resistance to Fusarium, Verticillium, and tobacco mosaic virus. For cucumbers and squash, look for resistance to scab, anthracnose, Alternaria, Fusarium, mosaic virus, powdery mildew, and bacterial wilt. For beans, look for resistance to halo blight, mosaic virus, and rust.


Mary Washington Improved, Jersey King, Jersey Knight, Guelph Millennium, Purple Passion


Green Snap: Provider, Jade, Concessa

Wax: Indy Gold, Rodcor

Pole: Blue Lake strains, Fortex, Kentucky Blue, Scarlet Runner

Shell: French Horticultural
: Maine Yellow Eye, Soldier, Jacob’s Cattle, Black


Greens: Bull’s Blood Red, Early Wonder, Crosby Green Top, Big Top

Summer and Fall: Red Ace, Kestral, Pacemaker III

Heirloom and Cylindrical: Chioggia, Forono, Golden, Rodina


Spring: Packman, Regal

Summer/Fall: Gypsy, Premium Crop, Marathon

Brussels Sprouts

Oliver, Jade Cross


Early: Charmant, Dynamo, Quick Start, Stonehead, Spring Dynasty

Midseason: Solid Blue 790, Blue Vantage

Late: Storage No. 4, Bravo

Red: Red Express, Ruby Perfection


Early: Nelson, Minicor (baby)

Midseason: Scarlet Nantes, Sweetness II, Sugarsnax 54, Neptune, Yellowstone (yellow), Purple Haze (purple)

Late: Bolero, Caro-Choice


Early: Snow Crown

Midseason/Late: Amazing,Candid Charm, Absolute, Graffiti (purple), Cheddar (yellow)


Utah 52-70, Ventura

Chard, Swiss

Bright Lights, Fordhook Giant, Ruby Red

Chinese Cabbage

Jade Pagoda, Rubicon


Mahogany, Robust 128YH, Strawberry, Top-Pop


EarlyYellow: Kandy Kwik (se), Seneca Horizon (su), Daybreak (se), Sugar Buns (se+)

Bicolor: Seneca Arrowhead (se), Fleet (se+), Quickie (se)

MidseasonYellow: Tuxedo (se), Northern Xtra-Sweet (sh2)

Bicolor: Luscious (se), Delectable (se), Bojangles (sy), Absolute (sy), Sweet Chorus

LateYellow: Honey Select (sy)

Bicolor: Lancelot (se), Seneca Dancer (se)

White: Argent (se), Silver Queen (su), Silver King (se)


Slicing: Diva, Marketmore 76, Dasher II, Turbo, Stonewall

Pickling: Cross Country, Fancipik, Eureka, Calypso


Dusky, Black Bell, Ghostbuster (white), Neon, Little Fingers (Oriental), Kermit (Thai)


Salad King, Neos


Full Heart, Nataly


Winner, Grand Duke, Early Purple Vienna, Kolibri


Winterbor, Red Russian, Blue Ridge


Lincoln, Arkansas, Rikor, Norton


Bibb: Buttercrunch

Butterhead: Sangria, Ermosa, Nancy

Crisp Head: Summertime, Crispino

Leaf: New Red Fire, Red Sails, Waldmann’s Green, Slobolt

Romaine (Cos): Winter Density, Green Towers, Eruption, Rosalita



Early: Earliqueen, Fastbreak, Earligold

Midseason: Athena, Harper Hybrid, Super Star

Speciality Types: Passport, Amy, Angel, Earli-Dew


Early (seeded): Copra, Frontier, New York Early, Candy, Mars (red)

Plants: Sweet Spanish types, Ailsa Craig, Red Burgermaster (red)

Sets: Ebenezer, Stuttgarter


Forest Green, Dark Green Italian


Harris Model, Lancer


Early: Knight, Progress #9, Dakota

Midseason: Lincoln, Mr. Big, Eclipse

Summer: Wando

Edible Pod Types: Sugar Ann, Sugarsnap, Oregon Sugar Pod #2, Oregon Giant


Sweet, Thin Wall: Ace, New Ace, Giant Marconi

Sweet, Thick Wall: Red Knight, Boynton Bell, King Arthur

Hot: Conchos, Numex Joe E. Parker, Thai Dragon, Tiburon (ancho)

Frying Types: Biscayne, Cubanelle


Mini: Jack-Be-Little, Munchkin, Baby Boo (white), Wee-B-Little

Small-Fruited: Mystic Plus, Baby Pam, New England Pie, Neon, Baby Bear, Hybrid Pam

Medium-Fruited: Magic Lantern, Merlin, Rocket, Racer, Phantom

Large-Fruited: Howden, Sorcerer, Rock Star

Giant-Fruited: Prizewinner, Atlantic Giant



Red:Champion, Cherriette, Fire Ball

White: White Icicle, D’Avignon, French Breakfast

Oriental: Minowase Summer Cross #3, Miyashige


Macdonald, Tilden, Canada Red, Valentine


American Purple Top, Joan, Laurentian, York


Tyee, Melody, Bloomsdale, Space, Unipak 151


Summer Yellow: Yellow Crookneck, Sunray, Cougar, Sunburst

Summer Green: Spineless Beauty, Zucchini Elite, Revenue, Space Master

Winter: Carnival, Festival, Delicata, Tay Bell PM, Buttercup, Blue Hubbard, Red Kuri


Extra Early: Early Cascade, New Girl, First Lady

Early: First Pik, Royal Mountie, Sunstart

Midseason: Ultrasonic, Daybreak, Sunchief

Late: Celebrity, Big Beef, Redsun

Heirloom: Moskvich, Red Brandywine, Pruden’s Purple, Striped German

Small-Fruited: Sun Gold, Matt’s Wild, Juliet, Sweet Million

Paste: Bellstar, Plum Crimson, San Marzano


White Flesh: Hakurei, Purple Top White Globe, Just Right, Royal Crown

All White: Tokyo Cross Hybrid


Seedless (requires seeded pollinator): Gypsy, Millonaire, Extazy

Seeded: Sweet Favorite, Festival, Crimson Sweet, Yellow Doll, Sunshine

Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied.

© 2006

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