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Bulletin #2502, Native Plants: A Maine Source List

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Native Plants: A Maine Source List

Lois Berg Stack, Extension professor and ornamental horticulture specialist

For information about UMaine Extension programs and resources, visit extension.umaine.edu.
Find more of our publications and books at extensionpubs.umext.maine.edu.

Nearly 1500 species of native plants are part of what makes Maine a unique place. Native plants—also called indigenous plants—are those that either originated here, or arrived without human intervention.

We have brought many nonnative plants—exotic or alien plants—to Maine as food, fiber, and landscape plants. In addition, we have introduced some nonnative plants unintentionally, as contaminants in crop seed, in the soil of other plants, and in ships’ ballast.

Why are native plants important?

Native plants form the historical basis of our landscape, provide food and habitat for animals, and serve as natural sources of food, fiber, and other products.

Native plants can serve several functions in the landscape. Native shade trees such as red oak and white ash, and evergreens like white pine and eastern hemlock, form the structure of the natural landscape. Fruiting shrubs such as black chokeberry, gray dogwood, and winterberry provide food for wildlife and add seasonal interest to the landscape. Groundcovers like bearberry and creeping juniper can be planted to preserve a sense of open space while reducing the size of lawns. Native perennials and ferns can be used in woodland gardens.

To find out more about native plants that are useful in the landscape, see “Additional Resources” below.

Can nonnative plants cause problems?

Most of the nonnative plants we’ve introduced have a very positive impact on our society, and do not threaten our natural landscape. A few, however, have escaped cultivation and become naturalized. In some cases, invasive nonnative plants have displaced native plants, thereby degrading the integrity and diversity of our native plant communities. We’ve all witnessed the spread of purple loosestrife in our wetlands, where it has established large colonies and displaced native plants. Other invasive nonnative plants in Maine include multiflora rose, common and glossy buckthorns, shrubby honeysuckles, Asiatic bittersweet, Japanese knotweed, and Japanese barberry.

While native plants should form the major part of every landscape, selected noninvasive, nonnative plants can add beauty and interest. However, if these nonnative plants were planted exclusively, they would change the overall look of our collective landscape. Over time, our more heavily populated areas could become less “native” in appearance, and more dominated by nonnative trees, shrubs, and other plants. How Maine will look fifty years from now depends a great deal on what we choose to plant today. Each of us, in our own landscape, can play a part in preserving the integrity of the Maine landscape by using native plants.

Where can I get native plants for my landscape?

Below you will find a list, compiled in 2008, of Maine nurseries and garden centers that sell native plants. All of these companies sell propagated native plants only, and do not sell plants dug from the wild. Some sell only wholesale, others only retail, and some do both. The list is coded to indicate which businesses sell trees, shrubs, perennials, ferns, vines, and groundcovers. Some nurseries and garden centers sell many types of native plants, while others specialize in just a few types. If you are looking for specific native plants, call ahead.

What else can I do to protect Maine’s native landscape?

  • Avoid disturbing natural areas or clearing land of native plants.
  • Purchase only propagated native plants, not those dug from the wild.
  • Do not purchase or plant invasive nonnative species.
  • Discuss your concern about invasive nonnative plants with your local nursery or garden center professionals. Encourage them not to sell these plants, but rather to expand their offerings of propagated native plants.
  • Learn to identify plants, so that you can learn more about them and determine if they have invasive tendencies. You can take samples of plants to local nurseries and garden centers for identification, or to your local county Extension office.
  • Learn to identify and control invasive nonnative plants in your landscape (see “Additional Resources” below).
  • Get involved in community efforts to control invasive nonnative plants on public lands.

Additional Resources available from UMaine Extension’s publications catalog or 800-287-0274:

Gardening to Conserve Maine’s Native Landscape, University of Maine Cooperative Extension bulletin #2500: provides a list of native plants that are useful in the landscape

Maine Invasive Plants, University of Maine Cooperative Extension series 2503: provides identification and control information for twenty-two terrestrial and aquatic invasive plants.

Maine Nurseries and Garden Centers Offering Native Plants
KEY TO PLANT OFFERINGS:
T = native trees
S
= native shrubs
V
= native vines and/or ground covers
P
= native perennials
F
= native ferns
Company and
Plant Offerings
Address E-mail; Web site Phone
(area code 207)
WHOLESALE ONLY
Burnt Meadow Nursery
T,S,V,P
PO Box 25, Brownfield, Maine 04010 burntmeadow@hotmail.com;
burntmeadownursery.com
890-74033
Groundnut Hill Nursery, Inc.*
T,S
180 Logging Road, Cape Neddick, Maine 03902 361-1300
Pierson Nurseries, Inc.*
T,S,V,P,F
291 Waterhouse Road, Dayton, Maine 04005 sales@piersonnurseries.com;
www.piersonnurseries.com
499-2994
Salmon Falls Nursery and Landscaping*
T
511 Portland Street, Berwick, Maine 03901> mark@salmonfallsnursery.com 384-5540
Western Maine Nurseries*
T,S,V,F
4 Nursery Lane, Fryeburg, Maine 04037 wmntrees@nxi.com;
www.westernmainenurseries.com
935-2161
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
A.C. Parsons Landscaping and Garden Center
T,S,V,P,F
71 Richtown Road, West Tremont, Maine 04612 landscaping@acparsons.com;
www.acparsons.com
244-7785
Broadway Gardens, Inc*
T,S,V,P,F
1640 Broadway, South Portland, Maine 04106 772-0415
Estabrook’s Farm and Greenhouses*
T,S,V,P,F
337 East Main Street, Yarmouth, Maine 04096 jim@estabrooksonline.com;
www.estabrooksonline.com
846-4398
Fedco*
T,S,V,P,F
PO Box 520, Waterville, Maine 04903 trees@fedcoseeds.com;
www.fedcoseeds.com
873-7333
Gingerbread Farm Perennials*
P
383 Old Winthrop Road, Wayne, Maine 04284 gblack1503@aol.com 685-4050
The Green Thumb
T,S,V,P,F
RR 17, PO Box 22, West Rockport, Maine 04865 594-5070
Jillson’s Farm Sugarhouse
P
143 Jordan Bridge Road, Sabattus, Maine 04280 info@jillsonfarm.com;
www.jillsonfarm.com
375-4486
KYC Gardens*
T,S
124 Buxton Road, Saco, Maine 04072 282-0875
Longfellow’s Greenhouses*
T,S,V,P,F
lbabson@longfellowsgreenhouses.com;
www.longfellowsgreenhouses.com
622-59655
Norpine Landscape, Inc
T,S
153 Salem Road, Kingfield, Maine 04947 norpine@roadrunner.com;
www.norpinelandscape.com
265-2430
Pinkham’s Plantation
T,S,V,P,F
pinkhams@roadrunner.com;
www.pinkhamsplantation.com
563-50099
Plainview Farm, Inc *(plant list on Web site)
T,S,V,P,F
529 Mountfort Road, North Yarmouth, Maine 04097 shpalmer@maine.rr.com;
www.plainviewfarm.net>
829-5004, 800-396-1705
Pooh Corner Farm*
T,S,P,F
436 Bog Road, Mason Township, Maine 04217 poohfarm@megalink.net;
www.poohfarm.com
836-3276
Risbara’s Greenhouse, Inc.
T,S,V,P,F
426 Randolph Street, Portland, Maine 041033 urisbara@maine.rr.com;
www.risbarasgreenhouse.com
797-0066
Roaring Brook Nurseries
T,S
639 Gardiner Road, Wales, Maine 04280 375-4884
Skillin’s Greenhouses*
T,S,V,P,F
89 Foreside Road, Falmouth, Maine 04105 skillins@maine.rr.com;
www.skillins.com
800-244-3860
Sprague’s Nursery
T,S,V,P,F
1664 Union Street, Bangor, Maine 04401 info@spraguesnursery.com;
www.spraguesnursery.com
942-1394
Surry Gardens*
T,S,V,P,F
PO Box 145, Surry, Maine 04684 surrygardens@downeast.net; www.surrygardens.com 667-4493
RETAIL ONLY
Agricola Farms
P
Rt 17 & Clarry Hill Road, Union, Maine 04862 veggies4u2@aol.com
Alheri Gardens*
T,S,V,P
Gray, Maine [plants sold at Portland Farmers' Market only] 657-4358
Allen, Sterling, and Lothrop*
T,S,V,P,F
191 US Route 1, Falmouth, Maine 04105 lallensterling@maine.rr.com;
www.allensterlinglothrop.com
781-4142
Aroostook Milling Company
T,S,V,P
PO Box 129, 5 Hillview Avenue, Houlton, Maine 04730-0129 amcgrain@mfx.net 532-6130/7917
Beach Lobster and Farm Stand*
P
<35 Saco Avenue, Old Orchard Beach, Maine 04064 934-3357
Blackrock Farm
T,S,V,P,F
293 Goose Rocks Road, Kennebunkport, Maine 04046 info@blackrockfarm.net;
www.blackrockfarm.net
967-5783
Blackwell Hill Nursery*
T,S,P,F
265 Blackwell Hill Road, Madison, Maine 04950 blackwellhillnursery@beeline-online.net 696-3709
Blais Flower Shop and Greenhouse
P,F
539 Webster Street, Lewiston, Maine 04240 salesblaisflowers@midmaine.com 783-8566, 1-800-783-8568
Boynton’s Greenhouse, Inc*
S,V,P,F
boyntons@beeline-online.net;
www.boyntonsgreenhouses.com
474-28922
Cottage Garden Center
T,S,V,P,F
cottage@tidewater.net 563-51388
Cranberry Creations*
V
905 Sandy River Road, Mount Vernon, Maine 04352 wildcran@fairpoint.net;
www.cranberrycreations.com
293-4055
Designs Florist and Interiors*
P
2 Mechanic Street, PO Box 207, Bethel, Maine 04217 designs@megalink.net;
www.janetblack.com
824-0888
Down to Earth Gardens
T,S,P,F
1452 New Sweden Road, Woodland, Maine 04736 492-4162
Ellis Greenhouse and Nursery*
V,P
PO Box 71, Hudson, Maine 04449 kellis@ellisnursery.com;
www.ellisnursery.com
327-4674
Evermay Nursery*
P
84 Beechwood Avenue, Old Town, Maine 04468 (e-mail form on Web site);
www.evermaynursery.com
827-0522, 991-4467
Farmhouse Greenhouse
P
346 Fort Fairfield Road, Caribou, Maine 04736 mcnjb@yahoo.com 227-2754
Fieldstone Gardens, Inc*
T,S,V,P,F
55 Quaker Lane, Vassalboro, Maine 04989 info@fieldstonegardens.com;
www.fieldstonegardens.com
923-3836
Flying Llama Farm*
T,S,V,P,F
34 Jeffrey Woods Road, Windham, Maine 04062 bobfromllamafarm@gmail.com 892-0293
Focal Point Gardens
T,S,V,P,F
1049 Alfred Road, Route 111, Arundel, Maine 04046 282-7700
Getchell Nursery*
T
37 Getchell Corner Road, Vassalboro, Maine 04989 getch@midmaine.com 872-96133
Granite Gardens
S,V,P,F
6 Wallston Road, Tenants Harbor, Maine 04860 granitegardens@verizon.net 372-0518
Green Art*
S,P,F
30 Route 1 Bypass, Kittery, Maine 03904 rockcress@greenart.com;
www.greenart.com
439-7700
Half Moon Gardens, Inc
F
54 Greenhouse Lane, Thorndike, Maine 04986 info@halfmoongarden.com;
www.halfmoongarden.com
568-3738
Hedgerow*
T,S,V,P,F
8 Ridge Road, Tenants Harbor, Maine 04860 www.hedgerowdesign.com 372-0655
The Heirloom Garden of Maine*
V,P
513 North Ridge Road, Montville, Maine 04941 info@theheirloomgarden.com;
www.theheirloomgarden.com
342-22166
Hidden Gardens*
S,P,F
96 Seekins Road, Searsport, Maine 04974 548-2864
Hoboken Gardens, Inc
T,S,V,P,F
310 Commercial Street, Rockport, Maine 04856 askus@hobokengardens.com;
www.hobokengardens.com
236-3023
The Little Red Greenhouse*
S,P,F
34 Fellows Farm Road, Fayette, Maine 04349 jpgreifzu@hotmail.com 293-3159
Mainely Natives*
T,S,P,F
436 South Hiram Road, Hiram, Maine 04041 mainelynatives@yahoo.com 625-8303
Mainescape Garden Shop
T,S,V,P,F
PO Box 356, 48 South Street, Blue Hill, Maine 04614 mainescape@mainescape.com;
www.mainescape.com>
374-2833, 800-244-2833
Mapes Garden Center*
T,S,V,P,F
97 York Street, Kennebunk, Maine 04043 mapesgarden@gwi.net 985-3772
Maple Ridge Farm*
V,P,F
1205 Cape Road, Limington, Maine 04049 gbloomers@fairpoint.net 637-28300
McLaughlin Garden
V,P,F
PO Box 16, 97 Main Street, South Paris, Maine 04281 mclgardn@megalink.net;
www.mclaughlingarden.org
743-8820
Moody’s Nursery and Garden Center*
T,S,V,P,F
82 Ferry Road, Saco, Maine 04072 moodysnursery@prexar.com;
www.moodysnursery.com
284-72333
Mount Blue Agway
S,V,P,F
912 US Route 2, Wilton, Maine 04294 sales@mtblueagway.com;
www.mtblueagway.com
778-40544
Mountain Greenery Greenhouse
T,S,V,P
590 West Bethel Road, Bethel, Maine 042177 836-3003
Mountain Greenery
T,S,V,P
3706 Main Street, Rangeley, Maine 04970 info@mountain-greenery.com;
www.mountain-greenery.com
864-2000
Mysty Mountain Farm*
T,S,P,F
388 Upper Street, Turner, Maine 04282 packrats@megalink.net 225-3915
Naturescape Landscaping
T,S,V,P
256 Oak Hill Road, Norridgewock, Maine 04957 634-5267
NewLand Nursery and Landscaping*
T,S,V,P,F
PO Box 1133, 124 Bangor Road, Ellsworth, Maine 04605 newlandnursery@roadrunner.com;
www.newlandnursery.com
667-7333
O’Donal’s Nursery, LLC*
T,S,V,P,F
6 County Road, Gorham, Maine 04038 onurser1@maine.rr.com;
odonalsnurseries.com
839-4262
Paradis Nursery and Garden Center
T,S,V
3675 Middle Road, Sidney, Maine 04330 paradis@dialmaine.com 547-4640
Pelletier Florist
T,S,V
500 West Main Street, Fort Kent, Maine 04743 pellflorist@pivot.net;
www.pelletierflorist.com
834-5241
The Potting Shed
P,F
401 Main Street, Kingfield, Maine 04947 265-4566
Provencher’s Landscape and Nursery, Inc.
T,S,V,P,F
299 River Road, Lewiston, Maine 04240 rogerpln@adelphia.net 783-9777
Rebel Hill Farm*
P
313 Rebel Hill Road, Clifton, Maine 04428 843-6916
Rippling Waters Organic Farm* (plant list on Web site)
P
55 River Road, Steep Falls, Maine 04085 ripplingwatersfarm@gmail.com;
www.ripplingwaters.org
642-5161
Robin’s Flower Pot*
T,S,V,P,F
387 Webster Road, Farmington, Maine 04938 garden@robinsflowerpot.com;
www.robinsflowerpot.com
778-59377
Seashore Gardens*
V,P,F
1748 Route 32, Round Pond, Maine 04564 fleurdelis@gwi.net 529-4372
Snell Family Farm
P
PO Box 326, 1000 River Road, Bar Mills, Maine 04004 info@snellfamilyfarm.com;
www.snellfarmilyfarm.com
929-5318; 929-6166
D.R. Struck Landscape Nursery
T,S,V,P,F
Route 202, Box 2215, Winthrop, Maine 04364 drstruck@fairpoint.net 395-41122
Sunnyside Gardens*
S,P,F
500 North Parish Road, Turner, Maine 04282 sunnyside@megalink.net;
www.sunnysidegardens.com
225-3998
Through the Garden Gate
V,P
438 Exeter Road, Corinna, Maine 04928 caddy@gwi.net 341-0191
Union Agway*
S,V,P
2179 Heald Highway, Union, Maine 04862 uagway@tidewater.net;
www.unionagway.com
785-4385
Wild Iris Herb Farm*
P,F
Route 91, Kingsbury Lane, York, Maine 03909 lucy@wildirisherbfarm.com;
wildirisherbfarm.info
363-4153
Windswept Gardens, LLC
T,S,V,P,F
1709 Broadway, Bangor, Maine 04401 bob@windsweptgardens.com;
www.windsweptgardens.com
941-9898

*plant list/catalog is available


Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied.

© 2002, 2008
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