243-Weeds 3

Fact Sheet No. 243, UMaine Extension No. 2196


Prepared by David E. Yarborough and Timothy M. Hess, The University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Replaces March 1987 by Tom DeGomez, David Yarborough and Christopher Campbell. Revised April 2002.

Sheep-laurel, Lambkill, Kalmia angustifolia

Flowering perennial shrub, flowers from June-July.  Short, erect, woody shrub up to 3′ tall.  Persistent leaves in whorls of three, oblong, dark green above, light green below and waxy, 1″-2.5″ long 1/4″-7/8″ wide, turn brownish in fall. Flowers crimson 1/4″-1/2″ wide, set in a cluster 3/4 up the stem.

Bunchberry, Cornus candensis

Flowering herbaceous perennial, flowers mid-May-June with wild blueberries.  The stem is 3″-9″ high and woody at the base with four to six terminally whorled leaves with one or two pairs of smaller leaves below.  Leaves acute at both ends with two to three lateral veins arising from the midvein.  Flowers solitary on a short stem with 4 white involucral bracts.  Bright red berries develop by late summer.

Meadow Sweet, Spiraea latifolia

Flowering perennial shrub.  Erect, woody, shrub 2′-6′ with reddish stems.  Leaves lance-shaped, finely toothed, 1″-2″ long and 1/4″-1.25″ wide.  Terminal inflorescence usually pyramidal shaped, flowers 5 part, white to pink 1/16″-1/4″ wide in dense groups.

Meadow sweet
Figure 6: Meadow Sweet

Sweet Fern, Comptonia peregrina

Perennial shrub, flowering April-May.  Woody shrub up to 3′ tall with erect or spreading branches.  Leaves and stems covered with hairs.  Leaves are alternate, linear 3″-6″ long and deeply lobed.  Leaves and stems fragrant when crushed.

Rose, Rosa virginiana

Flowering perennial, thorny shrub up to 6′ tall, flowers May-July.  New growth with stout, paired sometimes recurved thorns.  Alternate leaves compound with five to eleven oval toothed leaflets.  Leaflets shiny and green above and paler below.  Often fragrant.


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© 1987, 2002

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