Fact Sheet No. 245, UMaine Extension No. 2198
Prepared by David E. Yarborough and Timothy M. Hess, The University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Replaces March 1987 by Tom DeGomez, David Yarborough and Christopher Campbell. Revised April 2002.
Cow or Tufted Vetch, Vicia cracca
Herbaceous flowering trailing perennial, flowers July-August on one side of inflorescence. Small hairs cover a slender trailing stem 2′-4′ long. Eight to 24 narrow, leaflets are 3/4″-1″ long and 1/8″ wide with a pair of tendrils at each leaf’s end. Violet flowers are 1/2″ long, seed pods 3/4″-1″ long and 1/4″ wide producing five to eight seeds.
Low-running Blackberry, Rubus flagellaris
Biennial, trailing vine, flowers April-May. Thorny, sometimes hairy branches 4″-12″ long. Leaves oval to lance-shaped with three to seven leaflets. Flowers with five petals, 1″ across and appear to have fuzzy centers. Compound fruits 1/2″-1″ long and edible.
Strawberry, Fragaria virginiana
Flowering, herbaceous perennial, flowers April-June. Stout crown formed at ground level, leaf stalks 2″-6″ long, hairy, generally have leaves with three oval serrated leaflets. Flowers white, 5 petaled, 1/2″-1″ wide usually no taller than leaves. Fruit red, round and juicy with seeds deeply embedded in the flesh.
Common Cinquefoil, Potentilla simplex
Flowering herbaceous, perennial, flowers May-July. Short rootstocks give way to slender stems that run 3′ or less along the ground. Five leaflets toothed for 3/4 of their length and 3/4″-2 1/2″ long. Flowers 1/4″-1/2″ wide with yellow petals on long stalks arising from leaf axis.
Three-toothed Cinquefoil, Potentilla tridentata
Flowering, herbaceous perennial, flowers June-August. Stems woody at the base with often two to three plants arising the from base. Leaves 1/2″-1″ long, dark green and shiny above, pale and hairy below with three leaflets with three-toothed tips. White flowers 1/4″-1/2″ wide in a branched cluster.
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© 1987, 2002
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