245-Weeds 5

Fact Sheet No. 245, UMaine Extension No. 2198

Prepared by David E. Yarborough and Timothy M. Hess, The University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469.  Replaces March 1987 by Tom DeGomez, David Yarborough and Christopher Campbell. Revised April 2002.

Cow or Tufted Vetch, Vicia cracca

Herbaceous flowering trailing perennial, flowers July-August on one side of inflorescence.  Small hairs cover a slender trailing stem 2′-4′ long.  Eight to 24 narrow, leaflets are 3/4″-1″ long and 1/8″ wide with a pair of tendrils at each leaf’s end.  Violet flowers are 1/2″ long, seed pods 3/4″-1″ long and 1/4″ wide producing five to eight seeds.

Low-running Blackberry, Rubus flagellaris

Biennial, trailing vine, flowers April-May.  Thorny, sometimes hairy branches 4″-12″ long.  Leaves oval to lance-shaped with three to seven leaflets.  Flowers with five petals, 1″ across and appear to have fuzzy centers.  Compound fruits 1/2″-1″ long and edible.

Strawberry, Fragaria virginiana

Flowering, herbaceous perennial, flowers April-June.  Stout crown formed at ground level, leaf stalks 2″-6″ long, hairy, generally have leaves with three oval serrated leaflets. Flowers white, 5 petaled, 1/2″-1″ wide usually no taller than leaves.  Fruit red, round and juicy with seeds deeply embedded in the flesh.

Figure 5: Strawberry

Common Cinquefoil, Potentilla simplex

Flowering herbaceous, perennial, flowers May-July.  Short rootstocks give way to slender stems that run 3′ or less along the ground.  Five leaflets toothed for 3/4 of their length and 3/4″-2 1/2″ long.  Flowers 1/4″-1/2″ wide with yellow petals on long stalks arising from leaf axis.

Common Cinquefoil
Figure 6: Common Cinquefoil

Three-toothed Cinquefoil, Potentilla tridentata

Flowering, herbaceous perennial, flowers June-August.  Stems woody at the base with often two to three plants arising the from base.  Leaves 1/2″-1″ long, dark green and shiny above, pale and hairy below with three leaflets with three-toothed tips.  White flowers 1/4″-1/2″ wide in a branched cluster.

Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied.

© 1987, 2002

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