Sweet Corn IPM Nesletter No. 4 – July 20, 2018

Sweet CornSweet Corn IPM Newsletter No. 4 – July 20, 2018
Click on photos to enlarge.

LOW INSECT ACTIVITY CONTINUES

Storms Expected Next Week May Bring Pests into Maine

SITUATION

Some welcome rain fell on dry corn fields this week, followed by more warm weather. As a result, we are seeing rapid corn development in the fields. Early harvest has begun in some transplanted and mulched fields. Corn pest activity continues to be very low in cornfields this week, so very few fields have needed sprays. Weather predictions for the coming week indicate warm air and moisture coming up from the south, which may bring in significant numbers of corn earworm and fall armyworm.

European corn borer:  There was very little borer activity in both pheromone traps and fields this week. Moths were only caught in three locations: Cape Elizabeth, Dayton and Wales. They were below threshold for silking corn at all of these sites. Feeding damage was also light, with only one field in Oxford being over the 15% spray threshold for pre-tassel to silking corn.

Corn earworm:  No moths were caught in our pheromone traps this week, and therefore no sprays were recommended. There is more silking corn available for earworm moths to lay eggs on this week, so the threat is increasing. Growers should be alert for changes in the weather, such as storms moving in from southern states, that could bring more corn earworm into Maine.

Fall armyworm:  No moths were caught in our pheromone traps this week, and we have not yet found any feeding damage in the cornfields we’ve scouted. We have found a few common armyworms within corn plants behaving much like fall armyworm. However, these larvae will be pupating very soon and are not likely to get into the ears. Like corn earworm, the situation for fall armyworm could change rapidly with weather coming up from the south next week.

Squash vine borer moths were caught in pheromone traps in Biddeford, New Gloucester, Lewiston, Nobleboro, Farmington and Oxford this week. Only the Oxford site, which had 11 moths, was over the 5-moth spray threshold. All other sites were below the spray threshold, but we expect counts to increase state wide in the coming days. Growers with squash in southern Maine should be scouting for vine borer symptoms and protect squash plants if moths or damage are seen. See the 2018-2019 New England Vegetable Management Guide for control options.

Japanese beetles are now appearing in southern and mid-state areas. These insects often find their way into cornfields and feed on the leaves, causing an interveinal skeletonizing, which is generally not significant. However, they may also feed on the silks of developing ears, causing poor tip fill. Sprays for European corn borer and/or corn earworm (except Bt’s) usually will control Japanese beetle as well.

Spotted wing drosophila:  The first capture of spotted wing drosophila (SWD) occurred this week in berry fields in southern Maine. These small fruit flies can cause serious fruit losses in raspberries, blueberries and other soft fruits. This pest has already reached damaging numbers throughout much of New England, which is about 2-3 weeks ahead of what we have seen in the past few years.  For more information visit our SWD blog.

Male and Female Spotted Wing Drosophila Flies
Male (left) and Female (right) Spotted Wing Drosophila; photo by Griffin Dill. Actual size: 2-3 mm.

Sincerely,

David T. Handley
Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist

Highmoor Farm, P.O. Box 179, 52 US Route 202, Monmouth, ME 04259, 207.933.2100

UMaine Extension Diagnostic Research Lab, Pest Management Unit, 17 Godfrey Drive, Orono, ME 04473, 1.800.287.0279

 

Sweet Corn IPM Weekly Scouting Summary

Location CEW
Moths
ECB
Moths
FAW
Moths
%Feeding
Damage
Recommendations / Comments
Biddeford 0 0 0 9% No spray recommended
Bowdoinham 0 0 0 1% No spray recommended
Cape Elizabeth I 0 3 0 0% No spray recommended
Cape Elizabeth II 0 0 0 6% No spray recommended
Dayton 0 3 0 0% No spray recommended
Farmington 0 0 0 9% No spray recommended
Lewiston I 0 0 0 0% No spray recommended
Lewiston II 0 0 0 0% No spray recommended
Nobleboro 0 0 0 No spray recommended
No. Berwick 0 0 0 0% No spray recommended
Oxford 0 0 0 19% One spray recommended for ECB feeding damage
Sabattus 0 0 0 11% No spray recommended
Wales 0 1 0 0% No spray recommended
Wayne 0 0 0 4% No spray recommended
Wells I 0 0 0 4% No spray recommended
Wells II 0 0 0 0% No spray recommended

CEW: Corn earworm (Only fresh silking corn should be sprayed for this insect.)
ECB: European corn borer
FAW: Fall armyworm

Corn Earworm Spray Thresholds for Pheromone Traps

Moths caught per week Moths caught per night Spray interval
0.0 to 1.4 0.0 to 0.2 No spray
1.5 to 3.5 0.3 to 0.5 Spray every 6 days
3.6 to 7.0 0.6 to 1.0 Spray every 5 days
7.1 to 91 1.1 to 13.0 Spray every 4 days
More than 91 More than 13 Spray every 3 days

Thresholds apply only to corn with exposed fresh silk. Lengthen spray intervals by one day if maximum daily temperature is less than 80°F.

European Corn Borer Thresholds
Whorl stage: 30% or more of plants scouted show injury.
Pre-tassel-silk: 15% or more of plants scouted show injury.
Silk: 5 or more moths caught in pheromone traps in one week.

IPM Web Pages:
UMaine Cooperative Extension Integrated Pest Management
Penn State Pest Watch for Sweet Corn
UMass Amherst Integrated Pest Management

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