Bulletin #8050, Children and Respect
Prepared by Marilyn Ellis, University of Maine Cooperative Extension 4H/Youth Specialist
“I don’t get no respect,” says a well-known comedian. To expand our understandings of what respect is and why it might be important, we might imagine a world in which nothing is respected. Without respect, little or nothing would be of value, including ourselves or our relationships. No one would have a sense of empowerment in society, nothing would have meaning and disorder would prevail.
The term respect means to be mindful, to pay attention, to show consideration, to avoid intruding upon and to avoid violating. Respect can be viewed either as an outcome of our interactions, for example, we give or gain respect, or the word can be used to describe behavior, for example, when we behave in a respectful manner. Used to describe behavior, respect becomes an action word, and as parents and educators of children we know that action is important. We gain the respect of children and show our respect for children by how we behave with and around them. The adage still holds: To gain respect we must give respect. Respect is a two-way street.
How do we give and gain respect? There are many active ways to demonstrate our respect for children, and there are many ways to determine how well we respect the children in our care. The following are a few examples of respectful and disrespectful behaviors.
Educators, parents and other adults show respect for children when we:
- Allow a child to complete what they are saying uninterrupted.
- Allow children to make mistakes.
- Allow and encourage civil disagreement.
- Allow transition time from one activity to another.
- Know how to say no, and be willing to say no and stick to it.
Educators, parents and other adults are disrespectful to children when we:
- Do not take children’s opinions seriously.
- Use angry words under stress and, in particular, direct angry words toward them.
- Finish children’s tasks for them, rather than giving encouragement or directions and allowing them time to finish tasks for themselves.
- Answer questions for them.
- Shout or use sarcasm.
- Rush them.
- Do not take care of our own physical or emotional needs.
Respect is shown when children get recognition for who they are and what they do, when they are allowed to exercise options and make choices within acceptable frameworks, and when their choices are acknowledged and accepted. Respect is not shown by deferential treatment, by fawning over them or by well-intentioned deception. It is often too easy to disrespect children because they are physically small, are more dependent than most adults, and have less ability than do adults to control their needs and wants. They need more explanations, they need more time and their behaviors are childish simply because they are children, not yet capable of conforming to adult standards.
Teaching Mutual Respect: The Two-Way Street
Teaching mutual respect, at its core, refers to character education and to values education, areas that easily may differ widely among individuals in any given social group. In a multicultural society, questions immediately arise as to whose values should be taught. One way to address this issue is to promote behaviors that affirm human dignity, protect human rights and advance the good of individuals, as well as behaviors that contribute positively to the common good of our social environments.
From this perspective, we can more easily remember to actively educate children to the fact of life that with rights come limits and responsibilities. We need to ask children questions such as, “Would you want to be treated with way?” or “Would you want all persons in the world to act this way in similar situations?” These types of questions help children to define and shape their individual, personal and social responsibilities in a democratic society. Most people, though certainly not all, would agree that values such as compassion, due process, equal opportunity, freedom of thought, honesty, integrity, critical inquiry, knowledge, and tolerance are human values that cross ethnic, class, gender and religious boundaries.
How might we educate children to respect themselves and others? Lickona (1988) suggests that to develop children’s capacities to think, feel and behave respectfully requires parents and educators to:
- Serve as models of respect by caring enough to interact with and correct children when they behave insensitively towards others.
- Develop cohesive groups by helping children interact and learn about each other so they gain understanding of each other’s uniqueness, and in this way feel each is truly a part of the group.
- Hold children accountable to high standards of academic responsibility so that they learn abstractly as well as interpersonally how people develop and contribute to the larger community.
- Encourage children to discipline themselves and to voluntarily comply with reasonable social rules.
- Provide opportunities for participatory decision making, some group rule making, and shared responsibilities.
- Teach the values of sharing and tolerance through cooperative projects and cooperative conflict resolution.
- Promote discussion and debate of ethical issues as they inevitably arise in daily activities. These might include issues such as fairness, inclusion and exclusion, following rules, cheating and a host of other things that arise during the course of a normal day.
Effective educational programs have effective adult leadership. An effective leader who wants to help children learn respect will both inform and involve children, is straightforward and honest, and identifies a focus such as respect, integrity or compassion that children can develop and work toward over extended periods of time.
Lickona, T. (1988). “Educating the moral child.” Principal, 6-9.
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