Which Type of Grass Is Best for My Lawn?
|Grass||Tolerance to summer heat / winter cold||Shade tolerance||Texture||Mow height||Cultural needs||Uses|
|Kentucky bluegrass||Good / Excellent||Poor||Fine to medium||1.5–2.5”||Well drained fertile soil; pH 6.0–7.0; 1” water/week. Sow 1–2 lbs/1000 sq ft.||Lawns, athletic fields.|
|Red fescue||Good / Good||Good to excellent||Fine||2.0–2.5”||Well-drained to dry soil; pH 6.0–7.0; 1” water/week. Sow 4–6 lbs/1000 sq ft.||Mixed with other grasses for tolerance of shade, drought, acid soil, low fertility.|
|Tall fescue||Excellent / Good||Good||Coarse||2.0–3.0”||Moist fertile soil; pH 4.7–8.5; 1–1.5” water/ week. High wear resistance. Sow 7–9 lbs/1000 sq ft.||Can be weedy in bluegrass lawns. Used in transition areas, slopes, banks, near water.|
|Perennial ryegrass||Poor / Poor||Poor||Coarse to medium||1.5–2”||Medium to high fertility; pH 6.3–7.0; 1–1.5” water/ week. Sow 7–9 lbs/1000 sq ft.||Used in seed mixes for quick cover as “nurse crop.” Hard to mow.|
From the GardenPro Answer Book; revised and updated by Lois Berg Stack, Ornamental Horticulture Specialist, University of Maine Cooperative Extension.