Prepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Updated February 2018.
Scientific name: Medicago sativa L.
Common name(s): alfalfa, purple medick
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-has a deep tap root
– in flower from June to July
-likes deep loamy soils
-intolerant to floods and poorly drained soils
-consumed by many wildlife and livestock species
-one of the most nutritional forages
-originated in southwestern Asia
-Introduced to the U.S. in 1736 in Georgia
USDA. “Fire Effects Information Systems -Medicago Sativa.” Medicago Sativa, USDA, www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/medsat/all.html.