Common blue violet

Prepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Updated February 2018.

Scientific name: Viola sororia Wild.

Common name(s): common blue violet, Missouri violet, hooded blue violet, Florida violet, meadow violet, woolly blue violet

Links: USDA PLANTS Profile , NPIN Profile, Go Botany

Images: (to see enlargements [PC]: click on image, then right click and choose “view image”)


– annual


– generally flowers spring to mid June in ME

– generally fruits late May to July in ME

-glossy heart shaped leaves

-spreads through rhizomes

–can be confused with V. cucullata or V. selkirkii.  See left sidebar of Go Botany webpage


-shaded areas


-stream beds

-moist soils


-produces nectar

-attracts butterflies and bees

-deer resistant

Natural History:

-flower is edible



Hansen, R.W., S.B. Hansen and E.A. Osgood. 1991. Reproductive phenologies of selected flowering plants in eastern Maine forests. ME Agric. Exp. Station Tech. Bull. 143. 17 pp.

NC Cooperative Extension. “Viola Sororia.” Viola Sororia (Common Blue Violet, Confederate Violet, Dooryard Violet, Florida Violet, Hooded Blue Violet, Hooded Violet, Meadow Violet, Missouri Violet, Purple Violet, Sister Violet, Violets, Wild Violet, Wood Violet, Woolly Blue Violet) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox, NC State University,