Garden valerian

Prepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. February 2014.

Scientific name: Valeriana officinalis L.

Common name(s): garden valerian, valerian, common valerian, garden heliotrope, all-heal

Links: USDA PLANTS Profile, Go Botany

Images: (to see enlargements [PC]: click on image, then right click and choose “view image”)


– perennial


-white-pink flowers


-spreads by rhizomes

-reproduces by seed

-very fragrant

-pinnate basal leaves


-full-part sun

-well drained but moist soils

Natural History:

-known to have anti-inflammatory effects

-beneficial effects of V. officinalis in the nervous system

  • hydro-alcoholic extract can be shown to prevent depression

-native to Europe and Western Asia



Hosseini, M., Boskabady, M., Neamati, A., & Chaman, F. (2014). The effects of valeriana officinalis L. hydro-alcoholic extract on depression like behavior in ovalbumin sensitized rats. Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Science, 6(2), 97-103. doi:10.4103/0975-7406.129174