Canada mayflower

Prepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Updated February 2018.

Scientific name: Maianthemum canadense Desf.

Common name(s): Canada mayflower, Canadian may-lily, false lily-of-the-valley, twoleaved Solomon’s seal

Links: USDA PLANTS Profile , NPIN Profile, Go Botany

Images: (to see enlargements [PC]: click on image, then right click and choose “view image”)


– perennial

– generally flowers spring through June in ME

– generally fruits June through August in ME

  • the berries are eaten by birds


-forests, man-made disturbed areas, and rocky slopes

– in boggy areas, may be confused with M. trifolium; see left sidebar of Go Botany webpage


Hansen, R.W., S.B. Hansen and E.A. Osgood. 1991. Reproductive phenologies of selected flowering plants in eastern Maine forests. ME Agric. Exp. Station Tech. Bull. 143. 17 pp.

Heinrich, B. 1976. Flowering phenologies: Bog, woodland, and disturbed habitats. Ecology. 57(5):890-899.