Prepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Updated February 2018.
Scientific name: Lotus corniculatus L.
Common name(s): bird’s-foot trefoil, garden bird’s-foot-trefoil, birdfoot deervetch
Images: (to see enlargements [PC]: click on image, then right click and choose “view image”)
-can grow to a height of 2-3 feet
-flowers are arrange in a whorl
- 5 leaflets
– may be confused with Anthyllis vulneraria, but absent in Maine; see left sidebar of Go Botany webpage
-lots of precipitation
-used for wind and erosion control
-grazing limits growth
-benefits from available phosphorous
-can displace vegetation
-may become weedy or invasive
Bush, Tony. “BIRDSFOOT TREFOILLotus Corniculatus L.” Plant Fact Sheet, USDA NRCS Rose Lake Plant Materials Center, East Lansing, Michigan , Feb. 2002, plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_loco6.pdf.