Golden clover

Prepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Updated February 2018.

Scientific name: Trifolium aureum Pollich

Common name(s): golden clover, large hop trefoil, hop clover, palmate hop clover

Link(s) USDA PLANTS Profile, Go Botany

Images: (to see enlargements [PC]: click on image, then right click and choose “view image”)


– biennial

– generally flowers June through August in ME

-leaves are

  • compound
  • alternate

– may be confused with T. campestre or T. dubium; see left sidebar of Go Botany webpage


-disturbed sites




Natural History:

-the name comes from the aging flower heads resembling dried hops



Heinrich, B. 1976. Flowering phenologies: Bog, woodland, and disturbed habitats. Ecology. 57(5):890-899.

Go Botany. “Trifolium Aureum Pollich.” Trifolium Aureum (Palmate Hop Clover): Go Botany, 2021,