Swamp candles

Prepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. March 2011.

Scientific name: Lysimachia terrestris (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

Common name(s): swamp candles, yellow loosestrife, swamp yellow-loosestrife, earth loosestrife

Links: USDA PLANTS Profile, NPIN Profile, Go Botany

Images: (to see enlargements [PC]: click on image, then right click and choose “view image”)


– perennial

-reaches 16″-32″ in height

-smooth branched stems

-leaves are

  • narrow
  • lanceolate
  • opposite

-fruits are elongated bulblets

generally blooms in ME in June, July




-river shores

Natural History:

-named after Greek king Lysimachus or m Greek lysis for “a release from” and mache for “fighting or strife”



Heinrich, B. 1976. Flowering phenologies: Bog, woodland, and disturbed habitats. Ecology. 57(5):890-899.

Wisconsin state Herbarium. “ Lysimachia Terrestris.” Online Virtual Flora of Wisconsin , Department of Botany, wisflora.herbarium.wisc.edu/taxa/index.php?taxon=4164.