Prepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Updated February 2018.
Scientific name: Gaultheria procumbens L.
Common name(s): American wintergreen, wintergreen, eastern teaberry, checkerberry, boxberry, eastern spicy-wintergreen
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-evergreen leaves are
-height of 2-5 inches
-leaves are berries are aromatic
– generally flowers in late July-August in ME
-under story of acidic forests
– berries are edible
-used as a cold remedy and analgesic among the Algonquin, Cherokee, Chippewa, and Iroquois
-can be made into a tea
Hansen, R.W., S.B. Hansen and E.A. Osgood. 1991. Reproductive phenologies of selected flowering plants in eastern Maine forests. ME Agric. Exp. Station Tech. Bull. 143. 17 pp.
Heinrich, B. 1976. Flowering phenologies: Bog, woodland, and disturbed habitats. Ecology. 57(5):890-899.
Go Botany. “Gaultheria Procumbens L.” Gaultheria Procumbens (Eastern Spicy-Wintergreen, Wintergreen): Go Botany, 2021, gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/gaultheria/procumbens/.
Conneticut Botanical Society. “Gaultheria Procumbens.” Conneticut Plants, Mar. 2015, www.ct-botanical-society.org/Plants/view/226.