Red pine

Prepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Updated February 2018.

Scientific name: Pinus resinosa Aiton

Common name(s): red pine, Norway pine, Canadian pine

Links: USDA PLANTS Profile, NPIN Profile, Go Botany

Images: (to see enlargements [PC]: click on image, then right click and choose “view image”)


-can reach up to 25 meters in height and 75 cm in diameters

-leaves are

  • evergreen needles
  • soft and flexible
  • clusters of two
  • 4”-6” long

-fruit is ovoid-conic with thin scales

– tends to have red, scaly bark and a straight trunk

– often seen as a plantation tree in Maine

– may be confused with P. banksiana, or P. nigra in ME and MA; see left sidebar on Go Botany webpage


-well drained soils

-acidic sandy soil

-low soil fertility

-shade intolerant

-extreme cold tolerant



Moore, Lincoln M. “RED PINEPinus Resinosa Soland.” Plant Fact Sheet , USDA, June 2002,