Prepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Updated March 2018.

Scientific name: Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides (L.) Torr. & A. Gray; old Viburnum cassinoides

Common name(s): withe-rod, witherod viburnum, wild raisin, northern wild raisin, possumhaw

Link(s): USDA PLANTS Profile, NPIN Profile, Go Botany

Images: (to see enlargements [PC]: click on image, then right click and choose “view image”)


-Large, rounded shrub

-grows up to 30′ tall

-young shoots covered with rust-colored scales with long buds adhering to stem

-Leaves are

  • opposite
  • dark green and shiny above, paler below with minute brown scales
  • oval, sometimes toothed and wider above the middle
  • thick
  • 2″-4″ long and comes to an abrupt point
  • Leaves grow in pairs with upper leaves pointing upward.
  • Showy flat-topped

-white flower stalks have minute brown dots

-flowers with five parts and form at top of plant

-Fruit is bluish black with white powder

– two varieties in New England – var. cassinoides and var. nudum, which is known from CT and is of conservation concern

– may be confused with V. lentago; see left sidebar on Go Botany webpage


-Prefers wet habitats





Go Botany. “Viburnum Nudum L.” Viburnum Nudum (Withe-Rod): Go Botany, 2021, gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/viburnum/nudum/.