Spotted Wing Drosophila Alert and Berry Notes — August 11, 2023
David Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist; James Dill, Pest Management Specialist, Phil Fanning, Assistant Professor of Agricultural Entomology, Christina Howard, Maine New Farmer Project Manager
Spotted Wing Drosophila:
Numbers of spotted wing drosophila fruit flies caught in our traps have risen at all locations this week, and larvae have been observed in fruit at several sites. At all sites numbers are high enough to be over control thresholds, so regular sprays are now recommended to protect ripening fruit. Good coverage has been difficult with the frequent heavy rain events we’ve experienced. If significant rain falls after an application and before the product has had a chance to dry, it will likely be washed off and its effectiveness reduced. If the spray has dried, but the field receives more than an inch of rain after the application, it is likely that much of the product has washed off and its effectiveness greatly reduced. In these situations, growers should consider putting on another application to ensure effective protection.
At this point, a 5-7 day schedule of sprays may be needed to minimize fruit infestation in fields.
For more information on identifying spotted wing drosophila (SWD) and updates on populations around the state, visit our SWD blog.
- All the rain has greatly increased the incidence of fruit rots for all summer berry crops, most notably gray mold (Botrytis) and anthracnose. Growers should apply appropriate fungicides either before a predicted rain, if there is time for the product to dry, or as soon as possible after a rain, using a product that has some “kickback”, and can stop an infection that has already started. More information on fungicides is available in the New England Small Fruit Guide.
David T. Handley
Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist
P.O. Box 179
Monmouth, ME 04259
UMaine Extension Diagnostic Research Lab
Pest Management Unit
17 Godfrey Drive
Orono, ME 04473
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|Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 7/21/23
|Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 7/28/23
|Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 8/4/23
|Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 8/11/23
|Monmouth (unsprayed plot)