Maine Vegetable and Fruit School 2017

January 25th, 2017 8:35 AM

University of Maine Cooperative Extension Highmoor FarmMaine Vegetable and Fruit School 2017

The day-long school is offered for Maine farmers on two dates at two locations: March 14 in Portland or March 15 in Bangor. Preregistration is required.

Cost for registration is $45.00 per person and includes lunch. Please preregister by March 3, 2017.

Register online here or click on the link below for our registration form to mail in your form with payment.

Print a registration form (PDF)

Maine Vegetable and Fruit School is hosted by

  • University of Maine Cooperative Extension
  • Maine Vegetable & Small Fruit Growers Association

Tuesday, March 14, 2017
SEASONS EVENT AND CONFERENCE CENTER
155 Riverside Street, Portland, Maine 04103
Tel. 207.775.6536

Wednesday, March 15, 2017
BANGOR MOTOR INN CONFERENCE CENTER

701 Hogan Road, Bangor, Maine 04401
Tel. 207.947.0355 or 1.800.244.0355

AGENDA – March 14, 2017 in Portland

8:30 AM REGISTRATION
9:00 AM Legislative Update
— Senator James Dill
9:30 AM Managing Spotted Wing Drosophila in Berries with Exclusion Netting
— Dale Ila Riggs
10:00 AM Fertilizer Components and their Agronomic Qualities
— Paul Peters
10:30 AM BREAK
10:45 AM New Options for Lettuce Production
— Dr. Mark Hutton
11:15 AM Berry Weed Management Update
— Dr. David Handley
11:45 AM LUNCH
12:30 PM Pesticide Application Made Simple: Using a Fixed Spray System in High Tunnels
— Dale Ila Riggs
1:00 PM Reduced Tillage in Vegetable Production, Soil Health Implications
— Mark Hutchinson
1:30 PM Winter Injury in Berry Crops
— Dr. David Handley
2:00 PM Risk Management: Updates for Diversified Growers
— Erin Roche
2:15 PM BREAK
2:30 PM Tree Fruit Varieties – What’s Hardy, What’s Tasty?
— Dr. Renae Moran
3:00 PM Long-term Fertility with Compost
— Nicholas Rowley
3:30 PM Worker Protection, Applicator Certification and Updates from Maine Board of Pesticides Control
— Megan Patterson
4:00 PM WRAP-UP & EVALUATION

AGENDA – March 15, 2017 in Bangor

8:30 AM REGISTRATION
9:00 AM Legislative Update
— Senator James Dill
9:30 AM Managing Spotted Wing Drosophila in Berries with Exclusion Netting
— Dale Ila Riggs
10:00 AM Fertilizer Components and their Agronomic Qualities
— Paul Peters
10:30 AM BREAK
10:45 AM New Options for Lettuce Production
— Dr. Mark Hutton
11:15 AM Berry Weed Management Update
— Dr. David Handley
11:45 AM Risk Management: Updates for Diversified Growers
— Erin Roche
12:00 PM LUNCH
12:45 PM Pesticide Application Made Simple: Using a Fixed Spray System in High Tunnels
— Dale Ila Riggs
1:15 PM Reduced Tillage in Vegetable Production, Soil Health Implications
— Mark Hutchinson
1:45 PM Winter Injury in Berry Crops
— Dr. David Handley
2:15 PM BREAK
2:30 PM Tree Fruit Varieties – What’s Hardy, What’s Tasty?
— Dr. Renae Moran
3:00 PM Long-term Fertility with Compost
— Nicholas Rowley
3:30 PM Worker Protection, Applicator Certification and Updates from Maine Board of Pesticides Control
— Megan Patterson
4:00 PM WRAP-UP & EVALUATION

Speakers

Dr. James Dill – State Senator and Pest Management Specialist, UMaine Cooperative Extension
Dr. David Handley
– Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist, UMaine Cooperative Extension
Mark Hutchinson – Extension Professor, UMaine Cooperative Extension
Dr. Mark Hutton – Vegetable Specialist, University of Maine Cooperative Extension
Dr. Renae Moran – Tree Fruit Specialist, UMaine Cooperative Extension
Megan Patterson – Pesticide Safety Educator, Maine Board of Pesticides Control
Paul Peters – Agronomist and Crop Advisor, Northeast Agricultural Sales, Inc.
Dale Ila Riggs – The Berry Patch, Stephentown, NY, and President, New York State Berry Growers Association
Erin Roche – Maine Crop Insurance Education Program Manager, UMaine Cooperative Extension
Nicholas Rowley – Graduate Student, University of Maine

Thank you to our sponsor, Nourse Farms.


Participants may receive 3 Pesticide Applicator recertification credits for attending the entire day, and
Certified Crop Advisors may earn 5.5 recertification credits for participation the entire day.


For more information about this or other workshops, please contact:

Mark Hutchinson, Extension Professor
University of Maine Cooperative Extension
Knox-Lincoln Counties
377 Manktown Road
Waldoboro, ME 04572
Tel. 207.832.0343 or 1.800.244.2104 (in Maine).
mhutch@maine.edu


Any person with a disability who needs accommodations for this program should contact Mark Hutchinson at 1.800.244.2104 to discuss any needed arrangements. Receiving requests for accommodations at least 10 days before the program provides a reasonable amount of time to meet the request; however, all requests will be considered.

Hutton Gives Growing Produce Tips for Reducing Soil Compaction on Farms

January 20th, 2017 9:27 AM

Mark Hutton, a vegetable specialist with the University of Maine Cooperative Extension and professor in the UMaine School of Food and Agriculture, told Growing Produce there are several methods farmers can use to protect their crops from the harmful effects of soil compaction. Methods include minimizing vehicle and foot traffic in the field, alternatives to conventional tillage or no-till planting. Before farmers move in these directions though, Hutton suggests they determine if the practices will work with the cover and cash crops they plant. “It’s a different way to look at how you’re farming,” Hutton said. “One of the best things to do is to talk to other growers who are doing reduced tillage. Find out their reasons for doing it, see how it fits into their system, and think about how you can make those changes in your own operation. I don’t think these methods are harder or easier than anything else — they’re just different.”

Spotted Wing Drosophila Update: November 4, 2016

November 4th, 2016 8:44 AM

SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: NOVEMBER 4, 2016

Click on photo to enlarge.

David Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist; James Dill, Pest Management Specialist; Frank Drummond, Professor of Insect Ecology/Entomology

Spotted Wing Drosophila Trap Catch

Spotted Wing Drosophila Trap Catch, photo by Christina Hillier

Warmer temperatures and some rain have resulted in an upsurge of spotted wing drosophila trap catches in some locations, while numbers continued a downward trend in others. Once the weather settles into a colder pattern, we expect fly populations will decline rapidly, based on our experience in previous years. Our monitoring sites are done harvesting for the season, and we have removed our traps from the fields. If you still have any fields or high tunnels being harvested, drosophila pose a significant threat to any remaining fruit. A 5 to 7 day spray interval is recommended to prevent infestations of larvae. See the New England Small Fruit Management Guide for pesticide options.

We’d like to thank the farmers who allowed us to set up traps in their fields and share the data with you. Thanks also to our scouts, Lindsey Ridlon, Shannon Buzzell, Hannah Kerrigan, Danielle Murray, and Pat McManus. Special thanks to Christina Hillier for counting all those flies!

Town Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 10/21/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 10/28/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 11/04/16
Limington* 303 301 1,077
Limerick 2,832 1,722 11,472
Wells 677 539 171
Cape Elizabeth 1,976 1,384 347
Bowdoinham 198 132 390
Dresden 4,264 431 2,992
Freeport 109 132 11
Poland Spring 3,336 1,066 442
Mechanic Falls 136 138 104
Monmouth* 4,312 625 232
Wales 176 134 298
Wayne 9,880 5,472 9,592
Farmington 2,376 1,712 968
*unsprayed planting

David T. Handley
Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist

Highmoor Farm                       Pest Management Office
P.O. Box 179                             491 College Avenue
Monmouth, ME 04259          Orono, ME 04473
207.933.2100                           1.800.287.0279

For more information on identifying spotted wing drosophila (SWD) and updates on populations in Maine, visit our SWD blog.

IPM Web Pages:
Michigan State University
Penn State University
University of New Hampshire

Where brand names or company names are used it is for the reader’s information. No endorsement is implied nor is any discrimination intended against other products with similar ingredients. Always consult product labels for rates, application instructions and safety precautions. Users of these products assume all associated risks.

The University of Maine is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.

 

Spotted Wing Drosophila Update: October 28, 2016

October 31st, 2016 1:06 PM

SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 28, 2016

Click on photo to enlarge.

David Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist; James Dill, Pest Management Specialist; Frank Drummond, Professor of Insect Ecology/Entomology

Spotted Wing Drosophila

Spotted Wing Drosophila, photo by James Dill

Spotted wing drosophila trap catches continue a downward trend in most locations. A lack of hard frosts or consistently low temperatures over several days has prevented a sudden drop in numbers such as we have seen in past years. But, as temperatures gradually cool, day lengths get shorter and food supplies deplete, populations are declining slowly. Most fields are done harvest for the season, and in such cases, further sprays are not necessary. Spraying fields in the fall after harvest will not significantly reduce fly populations in your fields next year, because most of them will fly in from other locations. For any fields or high tunnels that are still being harvested, drosophila numbers are still high enough to threaten any remaining fruit. A 5 to 7 day spray interval is recommended to prevent infestations of larvae. Once harvest is complete, clean up the field of any rotten fruit and debris to discourage overwintering adults. See the New England Small Fruit Management Guide for pesticide options.

 

Town Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 10/14/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 10/21/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 10/28/16
Limington* 115 303 301
Limerick 2752 2832 1722
Wells 11 677 539
Cape Elizabeth 180 1976 1384
Bowdoinham 55 198 132
Dresden 5144 4264 431
Freeport 68 109 132
Poland Spring 566 3336 1066
Mechanic Falls 54 136 138
Monmouth* 1039 4312 625
Wales 156 176 134
Wayne 3432 9880 5472
Farmington 1646 2376 1712
*unsprayed planting

 

David T. Handley
Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist

Highmoor Farm                       Pest Management Office
P.O. Box 179                             491 College Avenue
Monmouth, ME 04259          Orono, ME 04473
207.933.2100                           1.800.287.0279

For more information on identifying spotted wing drosophila (SWD) and updates on populations in Maine, visit our SWD blog.

IPM Web Pages:
Michigan State University
Penn State University
University of New Hampshire

Where brand names or company names are used it is for the reader’s information. No endorsement is implied nor is any discrimination intended against other products with similar ingredients. Always consult product labels for rates, application instructions and safety precautions. Users of these products assume all associated risks.

The University of Maine is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.

 

 

Spotted Wing Drosophila Update: October 14, 2016

October 14th, 2016 1:44 PM

SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 14, 2016

Click on photo to enlarge.

David Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist; James Dill, Pest Management Specialist; Frank Drummond, Professor of Insect Ecology/Entomology

Spotted Wing Drosophila Larva in Blackberry

SWD Larvae in Blackberry, photo by David Handley

Spotted wing drosophila trap catches appear to be on a downward trend in most locations this week, as factors such as frost, drought and declining food supplies may be taking their toll. However, numbers are still high enough to threaten any fruit remaining in the field. A five-day spray interval on any fruit remaining is recommended to prevent infestations of larvae. Once harvest is complete, cleaning up the field of rotten fruit and debris may help reduce overwintering populations of adults. See the New England Small Fruit Management Guide for pesticide options.

Town Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/30/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 10/6/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 10/14/16
Limington* 1095 249 115
Limerick 7472 2056 2752
Wells 147 313 11
Cape Elizabeth 1328 4208 180
Bowdoinham 106 41 55
Dresden 4896 6120 5144
Freeport 198 53 68
Poland Spring 3144 1179 566
Mechanic Falls 649 87 54
Monmouth* 980 323 1039
Wales 106 243 156
Wayne 14016 6376 3432
Farmington 5536 2064 1646
*unsprayed planting

David T. Handley
Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist

Highmoor Farm                       Pest Management Office
P.O. Box 179                             491 College Avenue
Monmouth, ME 04259          Orono, ME 04473
207.933.2100                           1.800.287.0279

For more information on identifying spotted wing drosophila (SWD) and updates on populations in Maine, visit our SWD blog.

IPM Web Pages:
Michigan State University
Penn State University
University of New Hampshire

Where brand names or company names are used it is for the reader’s information. No endorsement is implied nor is any discrimination intended against other products with similar ingredients. Always consult product labels for rates, application instructions and safety precautions. Users of these products assume all associated risks.

The University of Maine is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spotted Wing Drosophila Update: October 6, 2016

October 7th, 2016 8:09 AM

SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 6, 2016

Click on photo to enlarge.

David Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist; James Dill, Pest Management Specialist; Frank Drummond, Professor of Insect Ecology/Entomology

Spotted Wing Drosophila Larvae in Raspberry

Spotted Wing Drosophila Larvae in Raspberry, photo by David Handley

Spotted wing drosophila trap catches remained high this week, although numbers varied from field to field, being higher at some sites but lower at others. Larvae and flies are still plentiful in unsprayed fruit and waste. We are starting to see female flies that are considerably larger than those found earlier. Based on research at Cornell University, this suggests some of these flies may be of the generation that will attempt to overwinter. The high numbers of flies will put a lot of pressure on the small amount of fruit remaining to be harvested. Therefore a five-day spray interval on any fruit remaining is recommended to prevent infestations of larvae. Continue to inspect all pre-picked fruit carefully for possible infestation, and chill berries immediately, holding in a cooler until shipped. Rotate insecticide spray materials as much as possible to prevent resistance, and follow all label directions, precautions and days to harvests restrictions. (See the New England Small Fruit Management Guide for more information and details.)

Town Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/23/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/30/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 10/6/16
Limington* 642 1095 249
Limerick 797 7472 2056
Wells 147 147 313
Cape Elizabeth 1081 (2 weeks) 1328 4208
Bowdoinham 106 41
Dresden 385 4896 6120
Freeport 208 198 53
Poland Spring 687 3144 1179
Mechanic Falls 206 649 87
Monmouth* 581 980 323
Wales 91 106 243
Wayne 4520 14016 6376
Farmington 578 5536 2064
*unsprayed planting

David T. Handley
Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist

Highmoor Farm                       Pest Management Office
P.O. Box 179                             491 College Avenue
Monmouth, ME 04259          Orono, ME 04473
207.933.2100                           1.800.287.0279

For more information on identifying spotted wing drosophila (SWD) and updates on populations in Maine, visit our SWD blog.

IPM Web Pages:
Michigan State University
Penn State University
University of New Hampshire

Where brand names or company names are used it is for the reader’s information. No endorsement is implied nor is any discrimination intended against other products with similar ingredients. Always consult product labels for rates, application instructions and safety precautions. Users of these products assume all associated risks.

The University of Maine is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.

 

Spotted Wing Drosophila Update: September 30, 2016

September 30th, 2016 10:15 AM

SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 30, 2016

Click on photo to enlarge.

David Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist; James Dill, Pest Management Specialist; Frank Drummond, Professor of Insect Ecology/Entomology

Male Spotted Wing Drosophila

Male Spotted Wing Drosophila, photo by Griffin Dill. Actual size: 2-3 mm.

Spotted wing drosophila trap catch numbers rose significantly in many locations this week, resulting in the highest counts of the season thus far. Growers with high populations are finding that a seven-day spray interval is no longer providing adequate control, and most are moving to a five-day spray interval on any fruit remaining to be harvested. Larvae and flies are plentiful in unsprayed fruit, such as wild berries surrounding cultivated plantings and waste piles. Be sure that all pre-picked fruit is carefully inspected for possible infestation, chilled immediately, and held in a cooler until shipped. Rotate insecticide spray materials to prevent the development of resistance; and follow all label directions, precautions and days to harvests restrictions. (See the New England Small Fruit Management Guide for more information and details.)

Town Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/15/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/23/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/30/16
Limington* 787 642 1095
Limerick 437 797 7472
Wells 184 147 147
Cape Elizabeth 1081 (2 weeks) 1328
Bowdoinham 31 106
Dresden 549 385 4896
Freeport 362 208 198
Poland Spring 68 687 3144
Mechanic Falls 283 206 649
Monmouth* 528 581 980
Wales 153 91 106
Wayne 4520 14016
Farmington 840 578 5536
*unsprayed planting

David T. Handley
Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist

Highmoor Farm                       Pest Management Office
P.O. Box 179                             491 College Avenue
Monmouth, ME 04259          Orono, ME 04473
207.933.2100                           1.800.287.0279

For more information on identifying spotted wing drosophila (SWD) and updates on populations in Maine, visit our SWD blog.

IPM Web Pages:
Michigan State University
Penn State University
University of New Hampshire

Where brand names or company names are used it is for the reader’s information. No endorsement is implied nor is any discrimination intended against other products with similar ingredients. Always consult product labels for rates, application instructions and safety precautions. Users of these products assume all associated risks.

The University of Maine is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.

 

 

 

 

Spotted Wing Drosophila Update: September 23, 2016

September 23rd, 2016 11:13 AM

SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 23, 2016

Click on photo to enlarge.

David Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist; James Dill, Pest Management Specialist; Frank Drummond, Professor of Insect Ecology/Entomology

Spotted Wing Drosophila Larvain in Raspberry

SWD Larvae in Raspberry, photo by David Handley

Spotted wing drosophila trap catch numbers remained very high this week at all of our trapping sites. However, growers report that harvested fruit (raspberries and blueberries) are clean when they have maintained a 5-6 day spray program. Larvae are easy to find in unsprayed fields and in overripe and waste fruit left in fields. At this time, a 5 to 6 day insecticide spray schedule is needed to keep fruit free of larvae. Fruit that feels abnormally soft is likely infested with larvae and should not be sold. All pre-picked fruit intended for sale should be chilled immediately, and held in a cooler until shipped. Rotate insecticide spray materials to prevent the development of resistance, and follow all label directions, precautions and days to harvests restrictions. (See the New England Small Fruit Management Guide for more information and details.)

 

Town Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/9/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/15/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/23/16
Limington* 627 787 642
Limerick 506 437 797
Wells 756 184 147
Cape Elizabeth 1180 1081 (2 weeks)
Bowdoinham 173 31
Dresden 961 549 385
Freeport 234 362 208
Poland Spring 269 68 687
Mechanic Falls 183 283 206
Monmouth* 254 528 581
Wales 2191 153 91
Wayne 4520
Farmington 840 578
*unsprayed planting

David T. Handley
Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist

Highmoor Farm                       Pest Management Office
P.O. Box 179                             491 College Avenue
Monmouth, ME 04259          Orono, ME 04473
207.933.2100                           1.800.287.0279

For more information on identifying spotted wing drosophila (SWD) and updates on populations in Maine, visit our SWD blog.

IPM Web Pages:
Michigan State University
Penn State University
University of New Hampshire

Where brand names or company names are used it is for the reader’s information. No endorsement is implied nor is any discrimination intended against other products with similar ingredients. Always consult product labels for rates, application instructions and safety precautions. Users of these products assume all associated risks.

The University of Maine is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.

 

 

Spotted Wing Drosophila Update: September 15, 2016

September 15th, 2016 4:10 PM

SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 15, 2016

Click on photo to enlarge.

David Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist; James Dill, Pest Management Specialist; Frank Drummond, Professor of Insect Ecology/Entomology

Male and Female Spotted Wing Drosophila Flies

Male (left) and Female (right) Spotted Wing Drosophila, photo by Griffin Dill. Actual size: 2-3 mm.

Spotted wing drosophila trap catch numbers were again some of the highest numbers of the season this week, but there were also noticeable drops in numbers at sites that have been sprayed since our count last week. We continue to find larvae in overripe and waste fruit in plantings, emphasizing the importance of keeping up with harvest and keeping fields free of waste fruit, if at all possible. Frequent (5 to 6 day), regular insecticide sprays continue to be essential to keep fruit free of larvae. Good grading of fruit and chilling immediately after harvest are also important to prevent infested fruit from getting into customer hands. Remember to rotate insecticide spray materials to prevent the development of resistance, and follow all label directions, precautions and days to harvests restrictions. (See the New England Small Fruit Management Guide for more information and details.)

 

Town Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/1/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/9/16 Spotted Wing Drosophila weekly trap catch 9/15/16
Limington* 178 627 787
Limerick 34 506 437
Wells 128 756 184
Cape Elizabeth 153 1180
Bowdoinham 25 173 31
Dresden 193 961 549
Freeport 13 234 362
Poland Spring 29 269 68
Mechanic Falls 95 183 283
Monmouth* 732 254 528
Wales 1001 2191 153
Farmington 840
*unsprayed planting

David T. Handley
Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist

Highmoor Farm                       Pest Management Office
P.O. Box 179                             491 College Avenue
Monmouth, ME 04259          Orono, ME 04473
207.933.2100                           1.800.287.0279

For more information on identifying spotted wing drosophila (SWD) and updates on populations in Maine, visit our SWD blog.

IPM Web Pages:
Michigan State University
Penn State University
University of New Hampshire

Where brand names or company names are used it is for the reader’s information. No endorsement is implied nor is any discrimination intended against other products with similar ingredients. Always consult product labels for rates, application instructions and safety precautions. Users of these products assume all associated risks.

The University of Maine is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.

 

 

‘Growing Maine’ orchard video released for apple season

September 14th, 2016 11:44 AM

University of Maine Cooperative Extension has released the latest installment of “Growing Maine,” a series of short documentaries highlighting Maine food producers and farm families. The third video tells the story of Patty and Gary Treworgy and their children on their second-generation orchard and family farm.

Treworgy Family Orchards in Levant had a rough start after the first planting of apples failed. But with perseverance and by “starting small,” the farm grew to be a destination for more than 35,000 visitors each year.

The “Growing Maine” video series helps consumers get to know their food sources better, as farmers and producers share their “behind-the-scenes” perspectives on how decisions are made. For those aspiring to farm, the videos are a way to hear directly from farmers and producers about what is most important to them.

UMaine Extension helps support and grow the food-based economy statewide, and is the only entity that touches every aspect of the Maine Food System, where policy, research, education, production, processing, commerce, nutrition, and food security and safety are integral and interrelated.

Videos in the series can be viewed online. Viewers also have the opportunity to suggest future story ideas for new videos that will be released throughout the year. For more information contact Leslie Forstadt, 207.581.3487, leslie.forstadt@maine.edu.