Mummy berry infection in some fields May 20 and Botrytis blossom blight

Hancock and Washington counties.

Most growers are reporting dried up Monilinia cups and no new ones. I think we are reaching the end.  If you do have a later developing field or a field with wet heavy soil, you may still have cups around this weekend. We had conditions from May 19 to May 20 to produce Monilinia infection periods at all weather stations in Hancock and Washington county fields. The infections periods varied but typically started either early on Sunday May 19 and late evening on Sunday. I would not suggest applying fungicide at this time for mummy berry since it is unlikely there will be any more infection periods this year. You will start to see mummy berry symptoms developing on your plants if you did get infection. The dead infected tissue do have spores that will infect healthy flowers and grow in the fruit as it develops to produce the mummy berry (pseudosclerotia). Fungicide applications at this time do not seem to be effective at slowing the fruit infection and may affect how attractive the flowers are to bees.

Botrytis blossom infection 

Early blooming clones may show signs of Botrytis in the flowers.  Botrytis kills almost open (pink stage)  and open flowers. There may be only a few flowers in a cluster or a few clusters of flowers on a stem that are infected.  The characteristic sign of the fungus is black hairs (often with gray spore masses at their tips) sticking out from the dead flowers. Please see pictures below. You may need to use a magnifying glass to the see the hairs on the flowers. Flowers will also die from mummy berry disease, but those dead flowers do not have any hairs and often die before they open.

Where Botrytis infection is found in a given year is highly variable and dependent upon local conditions in the field. Botrytis can attack multiple plants and so levels of disease in a field depend on how much Botrytis is occurring on other plants in the field and surrounding it. In most fields,  the amount of disease varies every year.  Fields with very heavy damage in a crop field one crop cycle may have none or very little infection two years later. Whether this fungus is a problem can be detected by looking for Botrytis infection in early blooming clones from which the fungus can then be spread to other clones if there is enough wet weather. I do not recommend protective fungicide sprays for Botrytis unless you are absolutely sure you have symptoms in your field and a lot of wet weather is forecast for your field during bloom. Spraying fungicides during bloom should be avoided if at all possible.

Dead blueberry flowers infected with Botrytis showing black "hairs" with gray spores
Dead blueberry flowers killed by Botrytis showing characteristic black “hairs” with gray spores
Botrytis infection of flowers showing short “hairs”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

– Seanna Annis